Heroes of the Faith: John Calvin
John Calvin was a pastor, French theologian and Geneva reformer in the Protestants Reformation.
He was born as
By the age of twelve, Calvin worked as a clerk to the bishop and
Calvin provided two accounts of his conversion to Christ. The first he mentioned a sudden change of mind:
“God by a sudden conversion subdued and brought my mind to a teachable
And in the second account, he mentioned the long inner turmoil he dealt with:
“Being exceedingly alarmed at the misery into which I had fallen, and much more at that which threatened me in view of eternal death, I, duty bound, made it my first business to betake myself to your way, condemning my past life, not without groans and tears. And now, O Lord, what remains to a wretch like me, but instead of defense, earnestly to supplicate you not to judge that fearful abandonment of your Word according to its deserts, from which in your wondrous goodness you have at last delivered me
There is much
By 1532, Calvin received his law degree and published his first book.
By 1533, tensions were rising in the Catholic Church and reformation was on the horizon.
In March 1536, he wrote the Institutes of the Christian Religion on the defense of his faith. Later that year, he wrote separate articles to the confession of faith.
From 1538 until 1541, he served as Minister of Strasbourg, France. In August 1540, he married Idelette de Bure, a widow with two children. Their only child was born and died in 1542.
The council of Geneva passed his Ecclesiastical Ordinances on November 20, 1541. While serving in Geneva, he preached over 2000 sermons and
Idelette Calvin died on March 29, 1549. He never married again and wrote of his sorrow “I have
Opposition began to crow at Geneva and later became known as a defender of Christianity.
“He supplied the dogma, the liturgy, and the moral ideas of the new religion, and he also created ecclesiastical, political, and social institutions in harmony with it. A born leader, he followed up his work with personal appeals.”
In late 1558, he became ill with a fever but forced himself to finish the final revision of the Institutes. He then forced himself to preach, leading to a violent fit of coughing in which he burst a
John Calvin died on May 27,
While the exact location of his grave is unknown,